When your foot wear goes wrong
Wearing the wrong footwear can cause permanent damage to your feet, causing deformities such as claw/hammer toes, ingrown toenails, calluses and bunions. Even a short period of time in the wrong type of shoes can aggravate stress and pain to your bones and joints, and the soft tissues that support the foot. Experts say heel pain is one of the most common foot pains.
The heel is part of the foot which comprises the back, middle and the front part and is connected to the calf muscles by the Achilles tendon, which is one of the strongest tendons in the body that support walking and standing.
The middle foot is made of five bones that form the arch of the foot (the curve in the middle of the foot) connected by a ligament called the arch ligament (planta fascia). This part of the foot is very essential for stability and shock absorption when running or walking. The toes form the front part of the foot and they are connected by muscles and ligaments.
“If you experience morning pain when you put down the foot, it is a sign that you have a problem with the Achilles tendon. Pain when walking or standing but resolves upon rest, tenderness under the bottom of the heel bone or the arch of the foot near the ball of the foot and swelling and painful Achilles tendon are signs that you need to consult an orthopeadist or physiotherapist,” states healthline.com, an online portal.
Causes of foot pain
There are complications that can arise from bad foot wear.
This is inflammation of the planta fascia, the band of tissues that stretches from the heel bone forming five bands that attach to the metatarsal bones. Tightness of the calf area can also cause heel pain, especially in people that wear high heeled shoes for a long time
This is the tendon that acts as a joiner between a muscle and bone. It results from over using the tendon especially in the case of athletes. The person starts tiptoeing while walking because there is tightness in the muscles.
This is the reddening and swelling of the heel. A bursa is a fluid filled pad in the joint. When it becomes inflamed, one experiences reddening called bursitis
When you have any of the above pains, have it treated first at home with ice. Leave the ice pack on the affected area for about 20 minutes three or four times a day. This will help to relieve the inflammation. In case of pain, have the pain investigated by a physiotherapist since some people may be allergic to ice and experience an ice burn.
Stretching exercises such as swimming are also good. Also, try to walk especially if the pain is bearable.
Bed rest is only recommended for severe acute pain